This book explores the historical roots of economic nationalism within Japan. By examining how mercantilist thought developed in the eighteenth-century domain of Tosa, the author shows how economic ideas were generated within the domains. During the Edo period (1600-1867), Japan was divided into over 230 realms, many of which developed into competitive states that struggled to reduce the dominance of the shogun's economy. The seventeenth-century Japanese economy was based on samurai notions of service and a rhetoric of political economy which centred on the lord and the samurai class. This 'economy of service', however, led to crises of deforestation and land degradation, government fiscal insolvency and increasingly corrupt tax levies, and finally a loss of faith in government. Commoners led the response with a mercantilist strategy of protection and development of the commercial economy. They resisted the economy of service by creating a new economic rhetoric which decentred the lord, imagined the domain as an economic country, and gave merchants a public worth and identity unknown in Confucian economic thought.
Creating Public Value in Practice: Advancing the Common Good in a Multi-Sector, Shared-Power, No-One-Wholly-in-Charge World brings together a stellar cast of thinkers to explore issues of public and cross-sector decision-making within a framework of democratic civic engagement. It offers an integrative approach to understanding and applying the concepts of creating public value, public values, and the public sphere. It presents a framework and language for opening a constructive conversation on what governments, businesses, nonprofits, and citizens can achieve in a democracy that honors a broad range of public values. Public officials, scholars, and citizens alike are engaged in an intense debate about the proper purpose, role, and size of government. In the midst of this debate is a growing concern that important public values are ignored by government reform efforts. This book explores the different definitions of public value and approaches to public value creation, discernment, measurement, and assessment. The text helps clarify the issues and demonstrates how the meaning of public value is intimately related to how it is theorized, operationalized, and measured. The book examines the many alternatives for recognizing, measuring, and assessing public value and addresses the pros and cons of each approach. The result is a contribution to the ongoing dialogue about the virtues and limitations of a focus on the public sphere, public values, and how to create public value in the context of developing and implementing policies, programs, projects, and plans that ideally boost confidence in public institutions.
The Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) was implemented by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) in 1999. Between 2000 when the first domain name case was decided and 2015 there have been over 45,000 decided cases. That's approximately 3,500 to 4,000 decisions annually. Parties never confront each other in person as they do in a court of law. The entire procedure takes place online. The UDRP is a quick, efficient and relatively inexpensive regime for determining rights to domain names. Trademark owners can challenge domain name registrants for infringement of their rights to the exclusive use of their marks on the Internet. Decisions are then posted online within 45 days of the submission of the complaint. From these decisions has emerged a unique body of domain name law. One of the several truths gained from the collective wisdom of panelists who decide UDRP cases is that parties often fail to understand the evidentiary demands they must satisfy to succeed. DOMAIN NAME ARBITRATION is the most comprehensive and in-depth work on the jurisprudence of domain names. It fully describes and illustrates, with case law, the procedural process and proof elements required of the parties. In addition, it thoroughly explores the law governing registration and use of domain names that are identical or confusingly similar to trademarks. The book provides an analytical description of the process and a step-by-step examination of the evidentiary elements that parties must satisfy to establish the merits of a claim or defense of infringement. As the Honorable Neil A. Brown, Queens Counsel in Melbourne, Australia writes in the book's Foreword, "Domain Name Arbitration puts flesh on the bones by illustrating how jurisprudence crafted by panelists makes UDRP a living and working dispute resolution regime."
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